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燈藝風華 The Grace of Taiwan Lantern Art

當期展覽燈藝風華 The Grace of Taiwan Lantern Art

今日的「燈」,閩南語稱作「電火」。 “Lights” are called “tiān-hué” in Taiwanese, meaning electricity and fire. 花燈是臺灣歷史悠久、保有民俗文化、富於美感的傳統工藝,它不僅是一種雕塑的延伸,更是融合結構學、力學、燈學、美學、材質等跨領域知識的綜合體。燈藝的演變與電力發展息息相關,「火」與「電」如同這段發展軸線的兩端,延展出臺灣燈藝的多彩光譜。

最早的花燈是由燈籠和宮燈演變而來;有別於後二者的功能導向,花燈主要供人賞玩,製作更重視美感和趣味。早期傳統花燈以小巧的鼓仔燈為主,隨著電力普及,花燈量體逐漸擴大,發展出臺灣特有的「劇情式電動花燈」。1990年臺灣燈會(舊稱臺北燈會)開辦,並在2000年迎來現代花燈的新局面;燈會的發展見證了臺灣燈藝由傳統至當代的演變進程,而「鐵絲骨架花燈」在其中扮演關鍵角色。近年來燈藝的形式多元化,「燈」的概念也逐年擴大,發展出對「光」的探討,展現光源與材質的對話;另一方面,當代燈藝的創作主題也逐漸跳脫傳統的吉祥寓意,成為貼近生活的敘事創作。

展覽「燈藝風華」邀請觀者透過三層次子題走進臺灣燈藝的精采風華,欣賞燈品的美感與燈藝師的創作精髓,進而拓展對於燈、光的視野和想像。【揭開燈藝史篇】聚焦臺灣燈藝的起源、發展及變革,並打開燈藝師的工作場域,展示他們如何透過唾手可得的工具和材料結構燈品的雛形,逐步發展出各種燈藝種類。同時重現元宵傳統遊戲:猜燈謎,營造元宵夜燈火綿延、闔家歡慶的年節情境。

【解構燈藝美學】則透過9位臺灣重要燈藝師的代表性作品,呈現他們各自獨特的美學風格與精神,點亮臺灣花燈歷經世代所發展的多樣姿態及變革。有些燈藝師秉持匠人精神,保留了燈藝的傳統精髓:彰化鹿港的吳敦厚遵循古法彩繪燈籠,色彩鮮豔、做工紮實的燈展現他指標性的時代風骨;雲林北港的顏三泰承襲家族的傳統藝閣製法和精神,保存北港標誌性的藝閣脈絡;新竹的蕭在淦無須草圖便能靈活彎折出鐵絲骨架,至今以創作不輟的活力延續新竹在地的燈藝薪火;原本是美術老師的林健兒因緣際會展開燈藝師生涯,擅長以嚴謹的造型功力創作巨型花燈,見證臺灣燈會及現代花燈的發展。

有些燈藝師關注燈藝的傳承,推動當代燈藝融入生活:林玉珠改革創新包紙鐵絲,更將串珠融入花燈創作,持續探索燈藝生活化的各種可能;莊雅婷關注燈藝的根本-電學,期許以生活化的方式教學電力知識,為臺灣花燈與世界接軌;張秀琴則關注平面繪畫至立體造型的轉換過程,將人物細膩的曲線與情感交融於花燈之中。

有些燈藝師思考燈藝轉型,以當代視角回應傳統花燈:王耀瑞與妻子攜手,強調將地方的溫度和故事注入作品,留下屬於這一代人對花燈的情感與記憶;藍永旗的創作則跳脫傳統主題,以貼近群眾的視覺語彙,探索燈藝的創新突破。

燈藝師與時俱進的思維逐步拓展「當代燈藝」的樣貌,而自從臺灣燈會於2004年設立藝術燈區,當代藝術也為臺灣燈藝帶來對於人文的關懷與光影的實驗。【探索燈藝當代】以紀錄短片回溯燈藝師與燈藝的淵源,刻劃燈藝對於他們各自生命的意義,進而探討當代該如何觀看及回應臺灣燈藝的發展。

臺灣燈藝有其深厚民俗傳統及發展脈絡,面對燈藝傳承的使命課題,若能保存前人的經驗及美學底蘊,延承一代一代人的手藝、智慧及勞動,將成為深刻烙印在臺灣文化記憶裡的燈藝風華。


【 燈藝風華 The Grace of Taiwan Lantern Art 】

✦ 展期|2021/2/21 (五) – 2021/3/21 (五) (免費參觀,週一及民俗節日休館)
✦ 地點|新竹市美術館(新竹市中央路116號)
✦ 藝術家|吳敦厚、蕭在淦、林健兒、林玉珠、張秀琴、顏三泰、 莊雅婷、王耀瑞、藍永旗
✦ 指導單位|文化部
✦ 主辦單位|新竹市政府
✦ 承辦單位|新竹市文化局
✦ 策展團隊|恆禾藝創
 

Lantern art is a traditional Taiwanese craft with abundant historical, cultural and aesthetic heritage. It is not only an extension of sculpture, but also an integration of crossover knowledge, including theories of structure, mechanics, lighting, aesthetics, materials, etc. The evolution of lantern art is closely related to the development of electricity. “Fire” and “electricity” are the two ends of the timeline, pulling open a splendid spectrum of Taiwan lantern art.

Lantern art originates from lanterns and Chinese palace lanterns. Different from the illuminant function of lanterns, lantern art is for appreciation. Thus, the making of it emphasizes on the beauty and creativity. Traditional artistic lanterns in early times were small lanterns called “kóo-á-ting” in Taiwanese. As the electricity access in Taiwan increased, the scale of artistic lanterns grew, generating the unique Taiwanese dramatic electric lanterns. Taiwan Lantern Festival (originally Taipei Lantern Festival) debuted in 1990, and met the new era of modern lantern art in 2000. The Festival has witnessed the transformation of lantern art, during which iron-framed lanterns play the key role. In recent years, as the lantern art’s presentation varies, the definition of “lantern” has broadened, generating explorations of “light”, showing conversations between lighting and materials. On the other land, contemporary lantern art has gone beyond the traditional blessing themes, becoming creations close to daily life.

The exhibition The Grace of Taiwan Lantern Art invites the audiences to step into the glorious grace of Taiwan lantern art through 3 sections, appreciates the beauty of artistic lanterns and the spirit of lantern artists, and broadens their horizon and imagination of lanterns and lights. The section <Unveiling Lantern Art History> focuses on the origin, development and transformation of Taiwan lantern art, further unveils lantern artists’ studio, showing how they apply ordinary tools and materials to make different lanterns. on the other hand, the traditional lantern riddle guessing is also designed, reproducing the light-filled and family-gathering atmosphere during lunar new year.

<Deconstructing Lantern Art Aesthetic> exhibits the unique aesthetic and spirit of 9 iconic Taiwan lantern artists through their works, lighting up the various aspects of Taiwan lantern art. Some lantern artists keep the spirit of craftsman, dedicating themselves to the preservation of the tradition: WU Dun Hou from Lukang, Changhua painted lanterns in traditional ways, portraying his representative style through the colors and details. YEN San Tai from Beigang, Yunlin succeeds the classical Yi-Ge techniques and spirit of his family, preserving the area’s significant tradition. HSIAO Tsai Kan from Hsinchu specializes in constructing lantern iron frame without sketches, passing down the fire of lantern art with enthusiasm. Stumbled coincidentally into the lantern art world, the previous art teacher LIN Jian Er is known for his rigorous construction of massive artistic lanterns and his contribution to the development of Taiwan Lantern Festival and modern lantern art.

Some lantern artists are devoted to lantern art education and the merge of lantern art into life: LIN Yu Chu reforms paper-wrapped iron wires and combines beading with lantern art, exploring the possible application of lantern art in daily life. CHUANG Ya Ting focuses on the base of lantern art – electricity, hoping to pass down electrical knowledge through everyday lessons, connecting Taiwan lantern art to the world. CHANG Hsiu Chin looks into the development from paintings to third-dimensional constructions, merging the delicate human shape and emotions into her lanterns.

Some lantern artists ponder upon the transformation of lantern art, responding to the tradition through contemporary perspectives: WAN Yao Jui and his wife emphasize on forming the touching local stories into lanterns, preserving our generation’s emotion and memory of lanterns. LAN Yong Qi thinks outside the box of traditional subjects, innovating new lantern art through a close-to-audience visual language.

As lantern artists’ thoughts advance with time, the appearance of contemporary lantern art is broadened. Furthermore, contemporary art has brought up attentions for people and experiments on lights, since the establishment of Art Lantern Area in the 2004 Taiwan Lantern Festival. <Exploring Contemporary Lantern Art> broadcasts a short film that first looks back upon the beginning of the lantern artists’ career, then records the meaning of lantern art to each of their life, lastly discusses how the contemporary generation could view and respond to Taiwan lantern art.

Abundant traditions and history are rooted in Taiwan lantern art. In responding to the calling of succession, if we could cherish the experience and aesthetics of the old, and pass down the skills, wisdom and hard works from one generation to another, the grace of lantern art would be imprinted in our culture and collective memory.
 

【 The Grace of Taiwan Lantern Art 

✦ Exhibition Period | 9:00-17:00 from 21th Febuary 2021 to 19th March, 2021 (Closed on Mondays and holidays)
 Location | Hsinchu City Art Gallery ( No.116, Zhongyang Rd., Hsinchu City )
✦ Artists | Wu Don Hou、HSIAO Tsai Kan、LIN Jian Er、LIN Yu Chu、CHANG Hsiu Chin、YEN San Tai、CHUANG Ya Ting、WAN Yao Jui、LAN Yong Qi
✦ Advised by | Ministry of Culture
✦ Organized by | Hsinchu City Government
✦ Implemented by|Cultural Affairs Bureau, Hsinchu City
✦ Curated by | Good Creative

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